Native Trees of Southern California

By David L. Magney

Botanical Name                                             Common Name                                  Type

Abies concolor                                                White Fir                                              Conifer Tree

Acer macrophyllum var. macrophyllum          Bigleaf Maple                                       Deciduous Tree

Adenostoma sparsifolium                               Red Shank                                           Evergreen Tree/Shrub

Alnus rhombifolia                                           White Alder                                          Deciduous Tree

Ambrosia monogyra                                       Leafy Burrobush                                   Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Amelanchier alnifolia var. pumila                   Alderleaf Serviceberry                          Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Amelanchier pallida                                        Western Serviceberry                           Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Arbutus menziesii                                            Pacific Madrone                                   Evergreen Tree/Shrub

Arctostaphylos glauca                                    Bigberry Manzanita (usually a shrub)     Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Calocedrus decurrens                                     Incense-cedar                                       Conifer Tree

Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides          Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany               Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Cornus nuttallii                                               Mountain Dogwood                              Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Fraxinus dipetala                                            California Flowering Ash                       Deciduous Tree/Shrub

Fraxinus velutina                                            Velvet or Arizona Ash                          Deciduous Tree

Heteromeles salicifolia [H. arbutifolia]          Toyon (usually a shrub)                         Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Holodiscus discolor                                         Ocean Spray, Cream Bush                   Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Juglans californica ssp. californica                Southern California Black Walnut          Deciduous Tree/Shrub

Juniperus californica                                      California Juniper                                  Conifer Tree/Shrub

Lithocarpus densiflorus                                  Tanbark Oak                                        Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Lyonothamnus floribundus                             Catalina Ironwood                                Evergreen Tree/Shrub

Myrica californica                                           California Wax-myrtle                           Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Pinus coulteri                                                  Coulter Pine                                         Conifer Tree

Pinus flexilis                                                    Foxtail Pine                                          Conifer Tree

Pinus jeffreyi                                                   Jeffrey Pine                                           Conifer Tree

Pinus lambertiana                                           Sugar Pine                                            Conifer Tree

Pinus monophylla                                           Singleleaf Pinyon Pine                           Conifer Tree

Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa                     Ponderosa Pine                                    Conifer Tree

Pinus sabiniana                                               Foothill Pine                                         Conifer Tree

Pinus torreyana                                              Torrey Pine                                          Conifer Tree

Platanus racemosa var. racemosa                  California Sycamore                             Deciduous Tree

Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa            Black Cottonwood                               Deciduous Tree

Populus fremontii                                           Fremont Cottonwood                           Deciduous Tree

Prunus emarginata                                         Bitter Cherry                                        Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia                          Hollyleaf Cherry                                   Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii                              Catalina Cherry                                    Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Prunus virginiana var. demissa                       Western Choke Cherry                         Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Pseudotsuga macrocarpa                               Bigcone Spruce                                    Conifer Tree

Quercus agrifolia ssp. agrifolia                      Coast Live Oak                                    Evergreen Tree

Quercus berberidifolia                                    California Scrub Oak (usually a shrub)  Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Quercus chrysolepis                                        Canyon Live Oak                                 Evergreen Tree

Quercus douglasii                                           Blue Oak                                              Deciduous Tree

Quercus dumosa                                             Nuttall’s Scrub Oak                              Evergreen Shrub/Tree

Quercus engelmannii                                      Engelmann Oak                                    Deciduous Tree

Quercus kelloggii                                            Black Oak                                            Deciduous Tree

Quercus lobata                                                Valley Oak                                           Deciduous Tree

Quercus tomentella                                         Channel Island Oak                              Evergreen Tree/Shrub

Quercus wislizenii ssp. wislizenii                     Interior Live Oak                                  Evergreen Tree

Salix gooddingii                                              Goodding Black Willow                        Deciduous Tree

Salix laevigata                                                Red Willow                                          Deciduous Tree

Salix lasiolepis var. lasiolepis                          Arroyo Willow                                     Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra                              Shining Willow                                      Deciduous Tree

Sambucus mexicana                                       Blue Elderberry                                    Deciduous Shrub/Tree

Umbellularia californica                                 California Bay                                       Evergreen Tree

Washingtonia filifera                                      California Fan Palm                              Evergreen Tree

Yucca brevifolia var. brevifolia                       Joshua Tree                                          Evergreen Tree

55 taxa